Communication Subsystem

Carrier-to-Noise Density Ratio (C/N0) Explained

What is Carrier-to-Noise Density Ratio (C/N0)? Carrier-to-noise density ratio (C/N0) is the ratio of carrier power to noise power density and denotes the strength of the power of carrier wave relative to the noise. C/N0 is often used in calculating link budget, and it describes the clarity of signal. Thus, the receiver should keep the […]

Feeder Link

ITU Radio Regulations define feeder link as follows: A radio link from an earth station at a given location to a space station, or vice versa, conveying information for a space radiocommunication service other than for the fixed-satellite service. The given location may be at a specified fixed point, or at any fixed point within

Radio Frequency

Very Low Frquency(VLF) 3 kHz-30 kHz Low Frequency(LF) 30 kHz-300 kHz Medium Frequency(MF) 300 kHz-3 MHz High Frequency(HF) 3 MHz-30 MHz Very High Frequency(VHF) 30 MHz-300 MHz Ultra High Frequency(UHF) 300 MHz-3 GHz Super High Frequency(SHF) 3 GHz-30 GHz Extremely High Frequency(EHF) 30 GHz-300 GHz

Parabola Antenna

Parabola antenna is commonly used in satellite communication. The gain of parabola antenna \(G\) can be written as: \[G = \eta\left(\frac{\pi D}{\lambda}\right)^2\] where \(D\) is the diameter of the antenna, \(\lambda\) is the wavelength, and \(\eta\) is the aperture efficiency (\(0<\eta<1\))

Digital Modulation

To transmit the ditgital signal by radio wave, it is required to modulate the carrier wave. Digital modulation method can be categorized into 3 types: FSK and PSK are generally used in satellite communications.

Antenna Noise

Receiver antenna detects not only radio waves but alo various noises. The examples of the noise are: Noise temperature received by the antenna \(T_a\) is: \[T_a = T_s + (1-\eta)T_0\] where \(T_s\) is the noise temperature, \(T_0\) is the ambient temperature, and \(\eta\) is the radiation efficiency of the antenna.

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